Mastering the Art of the Session Zero in Tabletop RPGs

Dive into the world of tabletop RPGs, and you’ll soon find that the magic often begins before the first dice roll, before the first encounter, and even before characters step into their imagined realm. This magic is woven in a special prelude known as “Session Zero.” Far from a mere formality, Session Zero is the bedrock upon which epic adventures are built, setting the tone for entire campaigns. It’s where expectations meet clarity and where characters are birthed not just on paper, but in the collective imagination of the group. So, how do you craft a Session Zero that not only sets the stage but ensures everyone is on the same page? Join us as we journey through the art of mastering this pivotal session, ensuring your RPG campaigns start on the best possible note.

To run an effective Session Zero in a tabletop RPG, it’s pivotal to establish clear communication, align player and GM expectations, introduce character concepts, and set the scene for the forthcoming adventure. This preparatory session acts as a bridge between the players’ visions and the game’s narrative, fostering collaboration and ensuring a more seamless and enjoyable campaign for all involved.

The Value of Session Zero

Session Zero is more than just a prelude to your grand adventure; it’s the foundation upon which the entire campaign stands. This initial gathering holds immense value for both novice and veteran players, and here’s why:

  • Clearing Misunderstandings: Instead of diving headfirst into the game, Session Zero allows everyone to lay out their expectations. Whether it’s about the tone of the campaign, character alignments, or player boundaries, it’s a space to iron out any potential wrinkles.
  • Creating Synergy: Character creation is not just about rolling dice and jotting down stats. It’s a process where players breathe life into their avatars. By discussing character backgrounds and relationships collaboratively, the group can craft intricate and intertwined backstories, leading to a more interconnected and immersive narrative.
  • Setting the Rules: Not every game uses the rulebook to the letter. Some GMs prefer homebrew rules or a mix of various systems. Session Zero is the platform to discuss these variations, ensuring all players are on the same page when gameplay commences.
  • Addressing Concerns: Each player comes to the table with their own set of comfort levels and triggers. This session is an opportunity to address any content that players might find distressing, ensuring a safe and enjoyable environment for everyone.
  • Building Trust: Trust is the bedrock of any successful TTRPG campaign. When players trust their GM, and vice versa, it leads to richer storytelling and more meaningful character decisions. Session Zero is a space to begin cultivating this trust.
  • Crafting the World Together: While the GM might have a clear vision of the world, incorporating player ideas can make it feel more alive and tailored to the group. This session is a chance for players to contribute to the world-building, making them more invested in the setting.

In essence, think of Session Zero as the blueprint of your campaign. It might not have the thrill of an epic battle or a high-stakes negotiation, but it’s the groundwork that ensures those moments shine as they should.

Breakdown of Session Zero Topics

Before embarking on any great journey, there’s a need for preparation, planning, and a roadmap. Similarly, in the realm of tabletop RPGs, Session Zero serves as this roadmap, outlining the route your campaign will take. But what exactly should this session cover? What topics are essential to touch upon, and which ones ensure a smoother gameplay experience down the line? Let’s dissect the key components of Session Zero, guiding you through a comprehensive checklist to ensure you cover all the bases for an unforgettable RPG campaign.

Discussing Game Logistics: Frequency, Duration, Tools, etc.

One of the first and most foundational aspects of Session Zero is nailing down the logistics. While it might not sound as exciting as crafting backstories or developing world lore, it’s crucial. These logistical details ensure that everyone is on the same page, minimizing future conflicts and misunderstandings. Here’s what you should cover:

  • Frequency of Play: How often will your group meet? Weekly, bi-weekly, or perhaps monthly? Ensure that everyone’s schedules align and consider setting a recurring date and time.
  • Session Duration: How long will each session last? Some groups prefer shorter, intense sessions, while others enjoy day-long marathons. Set a general timeframe, such as 3-4 hours, and discuss potential start and end times.
  • Location & Mode: Where will the sessions take place? In a physical location like someone’s house, a local game shop, or online via platforms like Roll20, Discord, or Zoom? If playing in-person, consider rotating hosting duties or ensuring the location is accessible to everyone.
  • Tools & Resources: Which tools will you use? This can range from digital platforms for online play to physical tools like dice, miniatures, and maps. Also, discuss any apps or software that might enhance the gaming experience. Players new to the format might need guidance on using certain tools.
  • Attendance & Absence: What happens if someone can’t make it? Will the game go on without them? Discuss how the group wants to handle absences, whether it’s playing out the missing character as an NPC, having another player take over, or simply assuming the character is “off-screen” for the duration.
  • Communication Channels: Establish where the group will communicate outside of sessions. Whether it’s through a group chat, email thread, or a dedicated app, ensure everyone has access and checks it regularly for updates or session changes.
  • House Rules & Modifications: Every GM has their preferred tweaks and modifications to the base game rules. Lay these out clearly, so players aren’t taken by surprise later on. Also, be open to feedback; maybe your players will have some house rules they’ve enjoyed in other campaigns.

Remember, the goal here is clarity. By setting clear expectations and understanding each player’s constraints and preferences, you pave the way for a seamless, enjoyable gaming experience for all.

Character Creation Guidelines

Creating a character is often one of the most exhilarating parts of a tabletop RPG. It’s the moment where players birth their alter-egos, the heroes or anti-heroes that will navigate the challenges and wonders of your crafted world. However, without guidance, players might create characters that don’t quite fit the campaign’s theme or world, or perhaps overshadow others in the party. Here’s how to provide guidance without stifling creativity:

  • Campaign Tone and Theme: Before diving into races, classes, and backstories, set the tone. Is this a gritty, low-magic world or a high-fantasy epic filled with powerful sorcery? Informing players of the campaign’s general feel helps them craft fitting characters.
  • Race and Class Restrictions: Are there certain races or classes that don’t exist or are extremely rare in your world? Or perhaps some that are particularly prevalent and might offer unique advantages? This isn’t about limiting player choice but providing context for their selections.
  • Starting Level: Will players start as fledgling adventurers at level one, or are they already seasoned, starting at a higher level? This influences the depth and breadth of their backstories and initial abilities.
  • Backstories: Encourage players to craft engaging backstories, but provide guidelines on length or key points to touch upon. If there are significant world events, consider providing a timeline so players can integrate them if they wish.
  • Alignment and Group Dynamics: If you’re aiming for a cooperative group, caution players against creating chaotic or evil characters that might constantly antagonize other party members or derail plans. Alternatively, if inter-party tension is part of the story, discuss how to do it in a way that remains fun for everyone.
  • Unique Abilities or House-Ruled Traits: If you’re introducing any custom abilities, traits, or subclasses, provide players with this information. Conversely, if certain abilities or traits from the main rulebooks are modified or unavailable, make that clear.
  • Equipment and Wealth: Decide on starting equipment, whether it’s chosen from class and background lists, purchased with a set amount of gold, or some hybrid. Ensure everyone starts on roughly equal footing to prevent early game imbalances.
  • Integration with the World: It’s always engaging when a character’s backstory intertwines with the world or its NPCs. Discuss opportunities for such integration, allowing the players’ narratives to enrich the broader world story.
  • Final Review: Let players know that once they’ve crafted their characters, there should be a final review — a session or a chat with the GM. This is less about critique and more about ensuring cohesiveness with the campaign and ironing out any ambiguities.

Character creation is a dance of collaboration between the GM and the player. By setting clear guidelines, you ensure that the characters are not only compelling and exciting for the players but also a perfect fit for the grand tale you’re about to weave together.

Establishing In-Game and Out-of-Game Boundaries

Setting boundaries is crucial to creating a safe and enjoyable environment for everyone at the table. While RPGs can often delve into complex narratives and challenging situations, it’s essential to ensure that players feel comfortable and respected throughout the journey. Addressing both in-game and out-of-game boundaries ensures that everyone can fully immerse themselves without apprehension.

In-Game Boundaries:

  • Sensitive Themes: Whether it’s violence, romance, political intrigue, or moral dilemmas, discuss themes that might appear in the campaign. Determine what players are comfortable with and which topics or scenarios they’d prefer to avoid.
  • Character Interactions: Encourage players to discuss boundaries regarding inter-character relationships. This can range from romance to rivalries. While a little party tension can be entertaining, ensure it doesn’t cross any personal lines.
  • Character Death: This is a big one. Talk about how the campaign will handle character deaths. Will they be permanent? Is there potential for resurrection? Gauge how players feel about the possibility of their character’s demise.
  • Realism and Consequences: Some campaigns are more forgiving, while others emphasize realism and the weight of decisions. Clarify this tone upfront so players can adjust their expectations and approach accordingly.

Out-of-Game Boundaries:

  • Table Talk: While some banter can be fun, excessive off-topic conversations can derail a session. Discuss how much and what kind of table talk is acceptable.
  • Behavior and Respect: Establish basic rules of respect. This includes avoiding talking over others, respecting decisions (even if there’s disagreement), and ensuring there’s no inappropriate or offensive behavior.
  • Use of External Tools: With many campaigns moving online, discuss the use of external tools like chat functions. Determine if players can use them to chat privately during the game or if they should be reserved for game-related content only.
  • Handling Disagreements: Disputes, whether about game mechanics or narrative decisions, can arise. Decide on a method for addressing them, whether it’s taking a quick break to consult the rulebook or deferring to the GM’s decision with the option to discuss post-session.
  • Personal Space: For in-person games, respect for personal space is vital. This might seem obvious, but reminding players can help avoid uncomfortable situations.
  • Safe Words or Signals: Especially for games that might delve into darker or more challenging content, consider having a system where players can indicate they’re uncomfortable — no questions asked. This could be a specific word, a card flip, or an online emoji.

By taking the time to set both in-game and out-of-game boundaries, you’re not only fostering a positive gaming environment but also showing your players that their comfort and enjoyment are paramount. Remember, the goal is collaborative storytelling where everyone feels valued and heard.

Setting the Campaign’s Tone and Theme

Creating a compelling story often starts with establishing a clear tone and theme. Session Zero is the perfect moment to collaboratively decide on the atmosphere and central ideas that will drive the campaign. By aligning on these elements, both the GM and the players can craft a cohesive and immersive experience.


  1. Light vs. Dark: Are you aiming for a lighthearted, comedic adventure or a gritty, dark tale of survival? Or perhaps something in between? It’s essential to decide this early on as it will guide many of the campaign’s subsequent choices.
  2. Seriousness: Will there be room for goofiness and silly antics, or is the group looking for a more serious and realistic narrative? Some groups enjoy whimsical moments, while others prefer to stay in character and maintain the story’s gravitas.
  3. Realism vs. Fantasy: Some campaigns can be highly realistic, with intricate political systems, economies, and physics, while others are high fantasy, where magic is rampant, and anything is possible. Knowing where your campaign falls on this spectrum can shape encounters, story arcs, and character abilities.
  4. Moral Ambiguity: Are characters going to be faced with morally gray decisions, or will there be a clear delineation between good and evil? Setting this tone can influence character development and story progression.


  1. Central Idea: Every great story has a central theme or idea that it explores, whether it’s the corruption of power, the strength of unity, or the nature of destiny. This doesn’t have to be overly complex but should be a guiding force behind the campaign’s main plot.
  2. Recurring Elements: These are motifs or symbols that will recur throughout the story, helping to reinforce the theme. For instance, in a campaign about the duality of nature, symbols like sun/moon, land/sea, or fire/ice can be frequently incorporated.
  3. Cultural and Social Influences: Decide on the cultural, historical, or social influences that will shape the world. For example, a campaign might be influenced by ancient Rome, feudal Japan, or even a futuristic cyberpunk society. This can offer rich backgrounds and contexts for various encounters and characters.
  4. Inspirational Material: Share books, movies, or other media that capture the desired tone and theme. This can help players get a better feel for the campaign’s direction. For example, for a dark, gritty cityscape, you might recommend movies like “Blade Runner” or books like “The Lies of Locke Lamora.”

By collaboratively deciding on tone and theme during Session Zero, the GM sets a clear roadmap for the adventure ahead, while players gain valuable insights into the type of characters they might create and how they can fit into the world. It becomes a foundation upon which countless memories and stories will be built.

Role-playing vs. Combat: Finding the Balance

In the vast realm of tabletop role-playing games, the balance between role-playing and combat is a pivotal decision that significantly influences gameplay. Some players thrive in the intricate dance of character interactions and political intrigue, while others find their adrenaline pumping in the heat of a well-strategized battle. Session Zero provides the essential platform to find the optimal blend that will keep everyone engaged and invested.

The Spectrum of Play:

  1. Role-playing Focused: These campaigns place a strong emphasis on character interactions, world-building, and storytelling. Combat might be infrequent and is usually driven by the narrative. Players who love diving deep into their character’s psyche, forming in-game relationships, and navigating complex political or social situations often gravitate towards these campaigns.
  2. Combat-Centric: Here, the thrill of the battle takes center stage. While there’s still a narrative, much of the gameplay revolves around strategizing for battles, looting, and leveling up. Players who enjoy the tactical side of TTRPGs, honing their character’s combat abilities, and the unpredictability of dice-driven combat will find these campaigns satisfying.
  3. Balanced Approach: Many groups opt for a middle ground, weaving in character-driven narratives with regular combat encounters. This approach caters to a wider range of player preferences, offering moments of introspection and character development alongside the excitement of combat.

Factors to Consider:

  1. Player Preferences: It’s paramount to discuss openly what each player hopes to get out of the campaign. While it’s challenging to cater to everyone’s exact wishes, understanding preferences can guide the GM in crafting a more enjoyable experience for all.
  2. Narrative Needs: Certain stories might naturally lean more towards either role-playing or combat. An espionage-themed campaign might focus heavily on role-playing, while a gladiator arena setting might be more combat-driven. However, even in these cases, finding moments to incorporate the less dominant element can add depth and variety.
  3. Game Mechanics: Some TTRPG systems are inherently more combat-focused, with intricate battle mechanics, while others lend themselves more to role-playing. Although the GM can always tweak these, it’s good to be aware of the system’s natural leanings.
  4. Skill Development: Especially for newer players, a balanced approach can help them get acquainted with all facets of the game. They can learn both role-playing and combat mechanics gradually, making the learning curve less steep.

Adjusting on the Go:

Remember that the balance isn’t set in stone. Based on player feedback and the unfolding narrative, the GM can always tweak the balance as the campaign progresses. Perhaps after a series of heavy combat sessions, the group might yearn for a role-playing arc, or vice versa.

In conclusion, finding the right balance between role-playing and combat is crucial for crafting a memorable TTRPG experience. By addressing this during Session Zero, you set the stage for a campaign that resonates with all players, keeping them eagerly anticipating each session.

Addressing Homebrew Rules or Mechanics

Homebrew rules and mechanics—customized modifications or entirely new additions to an existing game system—can infuse a unique flavor into your campaign. They allow a Game Master (GM) to personalize the experience, filling gaps in a system, or adapting rules to better fit a particular story or group dynamic. However, introducing homebrew elements without clear communication can lead to confusion or unmet expectations. Thus, addressing them during Session Zero is crucial for a seamless gameplay experience.

Benefits of Homebrewing:

  1. Personalization: Tailor the game to better fit the unique narrative or theme you’re aiming for. If you’re running a sea-faring campaign, perhaps you’ve crafted a detailed naval combat system.
  2. Filling Gaps: No system is perfect. Homebrewing can help address any perceived shortcomings or areas where the base rules might be vague.
  3. Enhancing Player Experience: Perhaps you’ve created a homebrew mechanic that gives players more agency or flexibility in their actions, leading to a more engaging gameplay experience.

Discussing Homebrew Rules:

  1. Clarity: Be as clear and detailed as possible. Provide players with written versions of the rules or mechanics, so they have a reference point during the game.
  2. Rationale: Explain the reason behind the homebrew rule. Whether it’s to enhance the story, balance gameplay, or just add an element of fun, understanding the ‘why’ helps players better appreciate and engage with the rule.
  3. Feedback Loop: Encourage players to provide feedback. They might have insights or concerns that you haven’t considered. Remember, the goal is to enhance everyone’s enjoyment.
  4. Flexibility: Be prepared to adjust or discard a homebrew rule if it’s not working as intended. The iterative process of tweaking rules based on gameplay experience can lead to a more refined and enjoyable system.

Potential Pitfalls:

  1. Overcomplexity: While homebrew rules can add depth, they can also introduce unnecessary complexity. If players are constantly having to reference a rule because it’s too convoluted or non-intuitive, it might be worth reconsidering.
  2. Balance Issues: Custom rules, especially those that grant new abilities or modify existing ones, can inadvertently disrupt game balance. Always keep an eye out for mechanics that make a character too powerful or overshadow other players.
  3. Consistency: Once introduced, strive for consistency in applying the rule. Frequent changes or forgetfulness can disrupt the game’s flow and undermine player trust.

In essence, while homebrew rules and mechanics can be a fantastic addition to any campaign, their integration should be handled with care. By addressing them comprehensively during Session Zero, you pave the way for a smoother, more enjoyable campaign for everyone involved.

Player Backstory Integration

Incorporating player backstories into the campaign narrative not only enriches the game’s depth but also fosters a personal connection between players and the world they’re navigating. It allows characters to evolve from mere figures on a board to intricate personalities with motivations, fears, and aspirations. Addressing player backstories during Session Zero ensures that everyone is on the same page and that the GM has the necessary tools to weave these narratives into the broader campaign.

Why Integrate Player Backstories:

  1. Emotional Investment: When a character’s personal story becomes part of the main narrative, the player feels more invested in the campaign’s outcomes.
  2. Depth and Dimension: Characters aren’t isolated from the world. Their past can influence current events, adding layers to the campaign’s overall story.
  3. Motivations: A character’s backstory can provide motives for their actions, decisions, and goals, making their choices in the game more coherent and meaningful.

Strategies for Integration:

  1. Open Dialogue: Encourage players to share as much of their character’s backstory as they’re comfortable with. Some might have a fully fleshed-out history, while others might only have a vague idea. Both are okay.
  2. Collaborative Storytelling: Work with players to find ways their backstories fit into the game world. If a character’s parent was a famous warrior, perhaps they left behind a legacy or a mystery to uncover.
  3. Hooks and Arcs: Use elements from backstories to create side quests or main plot arcs. If a character is seeking revenge, introduce the antagonist from their past into the campaign.
  4. Flashbacks: Consider using flashbacks as a narrative tool. It can offer valuable insights into a character’s past, directly affecting the present.
  5. Letters, Dreams, and Prophecies: Occasionally remind players of their backstory through letters from someone from their past, dream sequences, or prophecies that relate to them.

Potential Challenges:

  1. Balancing Spotlight: Ensure that one player’s backstory doesn’t dominate the campaign, leaving others feeling sidelined. Rotate focus among the party members.
  2. Continuity: Maintain consistency in the integration of backstories. Once a fact or event from a character’s past is established, it becomes a part of the game’s canon.
  3. Avoiding Stereotypes: While certain backstory elements like “orphaned at a young age” or “last of their kind” are popular, encourage diversity and depth in character histories.
  4. Sensitive Content: Some backstories might include dark or triggering themes. Always discuss and ensure that all players are comfortable with such content being part of the game.

Remember, a character’s past isn’t just a list of events—it’s a living, breathing component of the narrative. By weaving these histories into the campaign’s tapestry during Session Zero, you create a richer, more immersive experience for everyone at the table.

Resolving Potential In-Game Conflicts in Advance

Tension and conflict can be essential ingredients for a gripping narrative, but when these elements bleed into real-life dynamics among players, it can disrupt the game and strain relationships. Anticipating and addressing potential in-game conflicts during Session Zero helps ensure a smoother gameplay experience.

Why Address Conflicts in Advance:

  1. Setting Clear Expectations: Players come with varying expectations. By addressing potential conflicts beforehand, you can set a common ground for all participants.
  2. Maintaining Game Flow: Proactively tackling foreseeable issues reduces the chances of gameplay coming to a halt due to misunderstandings or disputes.
  3. Fostering Respect: Demonstrating that you’re considering all players’ feelings and boundaries encourages a culture of respect at the gaming table.

Strategies for Anticipating Conflicts:

  1. Character Dynamics: Discuss potential conflicts that might arise from character alignments, backgrounds, or personalities. For instance, how will a party with a rogue thief and an honorable paladin navigate their inherent differences?
  2. Looting and Rewards: Determine how the group will distribute loot, magic items, or rewards. Some groups opt for an equal split, while others may prioritize based on character needs or contributions.
  3. Player vs. Player (PvP) Actions: Decide as a group if PvP actions, such as theft, deception, or combat between player characters, are allowed and under what conditions.
  4. Decision-making Process: Establish a method for making group decisions, whether it’s through democratic voting, role-based authority, or another agreed-upon system.
  5. Character Death: Discuss the possibility of character death and how it will be handled. Is there a chance for resurrection? How does the group feel about permanent character loss?

Effective Conflict Resolution:

  1. Open Communication: Foster an environment where players feel comfortable voicing concerns or disagreements.
  2. Use of ‘X’ Card or Safe Words: Allow players to have a mechanism to halt a scene or scenario they’re uncomfortable with, no questions asked.
  3. Empathy: Remind players to be understanding of each other’s feelings and to remember that everyone’s primary goal is to have fun.
  4. Third-party Mediation: In situations where conflicts can’t be resolved between the involved parties, consider bringing in a neutral party to mediate.
  5. Breaks: If tensions rise, don’t be afraid to call a short break. This gives everyone a chance to cool down and approach the situation with a clearer head.

Continual Review:

  1. Check-ins: Occasionally, revisit these conflict resolution strategies to ensure they’re still effective and make adjustments if necessary.
  2. Feedback Loop: Encourage players to provide feedback after sessions, especially if there were moments of tension or disagreement.

In-game conflicts, when managed well, can add depth and excitement to the narrative. By addressing potential sources of tension in advance and establishing clear guidelines for resolution, you ensure that such conflicts enhance the game rather than detract from it.

Challenges in Session Zero and How to Address Them

Every new adventure brings its unique set of challenges, and Session Zero, being the springboard of these adventures, is no exception. Whether you’re dealing with varying player expectations or attempting to bridge the knowledge gap among newbies and veterans, it’s essential to navigate these obstacles with tact and diplomacy.

Common Challenges:

  1. Diverse Player Expectations: Every player comes to the table with their own set of expectations and gaming desires. Balancing a narrative-driven player with one who prefers combat can be tricky.
    • Solution: Conduct a player survey prior to the session, asking players about their favorite aspects of TTRPGs. This can help you gauge the group’s dynamics and tailor the campaign accordingly.
  2. Overwhelming Choices: Players, especially newcomers, can feel overwhelmed with the plethora of character choices, backstories, and world-building details.
    • Solution: Offer pre-made characters or use streamlined systems for character creation for those who might find the choices daunting.
  3. Sensitive Topics: Players have different comfort levels, and a theme or scenario that is harmless for one person might be distressing for another.
    • Solution: Use tools like the RPG Consent Checklist or the aforementioned ‘X’ Card to ensure that sensitive topics are handled with care.
  4. Knowledge Disparity: When a group has both seasoned players and novices, there’s bound to be a disparity in game knowledge.
    • Solution: Offer a mini-tutorial or workshop before diving into the actual gameplay. Encourage experienced players to mentor newer ones, fostering camaraderie.
  5. Scheduling Issues: Pinning down a regular time that works for everyone can be a significant challenge.
    • Solution: Utilize scheduling tools like Doodle or When2Meet. Be open to adjusting the frequency of sessions if necessary.

Proactive Approaches:

  1. Foster Open Dialogue: Emphasize that everyone’s voice is valued. Encourage players to voice concerns, queries, or suggestions.
  2. Set Clear Expectations: From the outset, let your players know what they can expect from the campaign and what you expect from them in return.
  3. Be Adaptable: As the GM, you are both the storyteller and the mediator. Recognize when to stand firm on a decision and when to be flexible.
  4. Utilize Icebreakers: Especially if players are unfamiliar with each other, starting the session with a light-hearted icebreaker can help ease initial awkwardness.
  5. Celebrate the Diversity of the Table: Different backgrounds and experiences can greatly enrich the narrative. Embrace and celebrate the unique perspectives each player brings.

Session Zero is the foundational block of the entire campaign. By addressing these challenges proactively and fostering an atmosphere of mutual respect and collaboration, you pave the way for countless memorable gaming sessions ahead.

Session Zero Best Practices

Session Zero might seem less action-packed than a typical game night, but its significance can’t be understated. This preparatory session lays the foundation for every subsequent gaming moment, ensuring that everyone is aligned and invested in the journey ahead. Here are some best practices to guarantee that your Session Zero is both effective and enjoyable:

  1. Preparation is Key: As the GM, come to the table having done your homework. Whether it’s understanding the game mechanics, having resources ready, or just being prepared to answer questions, your preparedness will set the tone.
  2. Facilitate, Don’t Dominate: Session Zero is as much about the players as it is about the GM. Encourage discussions, be a good listener, and ensure that everyone has a voice in the decisions being made.
  3. Document Decisions: As topics are discussed and decisions made, make sure to note them down. This could be in the form of a shared document that everyone can access or simply GM notes.
  4. Stay Open-Minded: TTRPGs are about collaborative storytelling. While you might have a vision in mind, be open to changes or suggestions that might enhance the narrative or gameplay.
  5. Establish a Feedback Loop: Allow for moments of reflection. Ask players about their thoughts and feelings regarding the topics discussed. This can help identify any overlooked issues or provide clarity on certain points.
  6. Prioritize Comfort and Safety: Above all, ensure that players feel safe expressing their boundaries and concerns. Implement safety tools, such as the ‘X’ Card or the RPG Consent Checklist, to make sure everyone is on the same page regarding sensitive content.
  7. Clarity on Commitment: Discuss the level of commitment expected from each player. While it’s a game, regular absenteeism or lack of preparation can hinder the experience for others.
  8. Keep it Light and Fun: Remember, it’s a game, and the primary goal is enjoyment. While there are serious topics to cover during Session Zero, ensure there’s space for laughter, jokes, and anticipation for the adventure ahead.
  9. Follow Up: After the session, send out a recap email or message highlighting the main decisions and next steps. This not only serves as a reference but also shows players that their input was valued and considered.
  10. Stay Adaptable: While Session Zero is meant to establish many campaign foundations, recognize that things might evolve. Be prepared to revisit topics or decisions as the campaign progresses.

By adhering to these best practices, you’re setting up your campaign for success. When both GM and players come to the table with clear expectations, mutual respect, and a shared vision, the stage is set for a truly memorable gaming experience.

Session Zero, while sometimes overlooked by newer players and GMs, is the unsung hero of any successful tabletop role-playing campaign. It’s where the magic begins, outside the confines of dice rolls and character sheets. It’s the foundation upon which memorable adventures, intricate plots, and player camaraderie are built. By dedicating time to set the stage properly, addressing potential pitfalls, and truly collaborating with your players, you’re not just ensuring smooth gameplay. You’re making an implicit promise: that every participant’s comfort, enjoyment, and creative contribution is paramount. So, before the first monster is encountered or the first treasure uncovered, make sure to invest in Session Zero. After all, in the world of TTRPGs, a solid beginning often guarantees a memorable journey. Happy gaming!


What is a Session Zero in TTRPGs?

Session Zero is a preliminary session before the actual campaign begins where players and the GM discuss game logistics, establish boundaries, set the tone and theme, and handle any other pre-game decisions and clarifications.

Do all TTRPG campaigns need a Session Zero?

While not strictly required, it’s highly recommended. A Session Zero helps ensure everyone is on the same page, reducing potential conflicts and misunderstandings down the line.

How long should a Session Zero typically last?

It varies, but typically, a Session Zero can last anywhere from an hour to a full game session (3-4 hours), depending on the depth of discussion and the number of topics covered.

Can we handle character creation outside of Session Zero?

Yes, some groups prefer to handle character creation separately to save time during Session Zero, while others find it beneficial to do it collectively to ensure party balance and cohesion.

What if a player can’t attend Session Zero?

It’s essential for all players to be on the same page, so if someone misses Session Zero, the GM or another player should catch them up on what was discussed and any decisions made.

How do we handle sensitive topics or boundaries during Session Zero?

It’s crucial to approach these topics with empathy, understanding, and discretion. Remember, the goal is to ensure everyone’s comfort and enjoyment. If a player expresses a boundary or trigger, it should be respected without pressing for details.

What if players have conflicting views during Session Zero?

The GM can mediate, but it’s essential for the group to find a compromise. Remember, TTRPGs are collaborative, and everyone’s voice should be valued.

Can we revisit topics from Session Zero during the campaign?

Absolutely! As the campaign evolves, new situations might arise, or players might change their minds about certain aspects. It’s always a good idea to check in periodically and ensure everyone remains comfortable and engaged.

How detailed should the campaign’s tone and theme be defined in Session Zero?

It depends on the group. Some might prefer a broad overview (e.g., “dark fantasy”), while others might dive into specifics (e.g., “a Gothic horror setting with themes of redemption and forbidden knowledge”).

Are homebrew rules necessary?

Not necessarily. However, if the GM or players wish to introduce non-standard mechanics or rules, Session Zero is the ideal time to discuss and finalize them.

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